Full Economic Citizenship (FEC)

Full Economic Citizenship (FEC) is one of Ashoka's global initiatives striving to enable an environment where every citizen has the opportunity and the capacity to exercise his or her economic, social and cultural rights. To achieve FEC, a citizen must at a minimum have access to the essential products and services – food, water, housing, energy, health, education, financial – required to enable their activity as a consumer, producer and holder of assets.

Ashoka's goal is for every individual to have the ability and choice to play a role in local and global economies, as consumers, producers and creators of wealth.

Through system change innovations, Ashoka’s FEC initiative seeks to end the exclusion of two-thirds of the world’s population from global markets and to catalyze government, business and CSO actions that will create the enabling conditions for everyone to exercise Full Economic Citizenship.

What is a Hybrid Value Chain?

Hybrid Value Chain (HVC) is a new operating framework for transforming markets by leveraging the strengths of business and social actors. HVCs spread across the economic spectrum and represent a systemic change in the way business and CSOs interact. They are collaborations that redefine value in game-changing ways, with each side clearly understanding (and willingly accepting) the risks and rewards.

Why Hybrid Value Chains?

HVCs are designed to generate win-win alliances, authentic value propositions and multi-faceted returns on investment.

What is the criteria of a Hybrid Value Chain?

Hybrid value chains have the potential to transform industries and to create new ones. They should meet four criteria:

1. The business has the potential to be large in scale and to cross borders. The best HVCs will have enormous impact, not only on a company’s bottom line but on millions of lives.

2. For-profits and social entrepreneurs work together to create multiple kinds of value. Companies and CSOs capitalize on their particular areas of expertise to deliver a valuable product or service that neither partner could provide on its own.

3. Consumers—broadly defined—pay for the product or service. This is not charity work or a CSR project. Sustainability and scalability rest on profitability.

4. A “system changing” idea can provide the basis for new competition. Successful HVCs will not only break new territory in terms of untapped markets, but their presence will ultimately foster an environment where others strive to replicate their models.